ANATOMY OF A GHAZAL

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GHAZAL

 

GLOSSARY

Useful terms when discussing Persian and Urdu ghazals

  • Shers/couplets
  • Malta/ first couplet of the poem-- both lines end in the rhyme and refrain
  • Radif/ the refrain
  • Qafia/ Qaafiya/ Kaafiya/ the rhyme
  • Makta/ Makhta/ the signature-- the poet invokes herself (or an alter ego) in the last couplet, directly or through wordplay